By Stephen P. Schwartz
A short historical past of Analytic Philosophy: From Russell to Rawls provides a complete review of the old improvement of all significant facets of analytic philosophy, the dominant Anglo-American philosophical culture within the 20th century.
- Features assurance of all of the significant topic components and figures in analytic philosophy - together with Wittgenstein, Bertrand Russell, G.E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, Carnap, Quine, Davidson, Kripke, Putnam, and lots of others
- Contains explanatory historical past fabric to assist clarify technical philosophical concepts
- Includes listings of urged additional readings
- Written in a transparent, direct sort that presupposes little earlier wisdom of philosophy
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Extra resources for A brief history of analytic philosophy : from Russell to Rawls
Are among the things with which we are acquainted; in fact, they supply the most obvious and striking example of knowledge by acquaintance. (Russell 1959a/ 1912, p. 48) Thus, according to Russell, we have direct knowledge by acquaintance of sense data that make up the appearance of the table, but I only indirectly know the physical table by description. According to Russell, we are only acquainted with our sense data, our memories, our present mental states that are available to introspection, and universals such as whiteness, diversity, and brotherhood.
Judgingto be true about this sense-datum is not (in general) that it is itself a hand, or a dog, or the sun, etc. , as the case may be . . But there is no doubt at all that there are sense-data, in the sense in which I am now using that term. I am at present seeing a great number of them, and feeling others. And in order to point out to the reader what sort of things I mean by sense-data, I need only ask him to look at his own right hand. (Moore 1993/ 1925, p . 128) Here Moore has ventured far from common sense.
Note that this problem will also arise with proper names. How can we use a name to talk about a man who does not now exist? Let's leave names and this puzzle aside for the moment. (We will see in Chapter 7 that Kripke and Putnam have an answer. ) Puzzles arise about definite descriptions when there is no single object that fits the description or when nothing fits the description. How does one decide if an assertion that contains such a description is true or false? If I assert "The only prime number between 10 and 15 is larger than 2 x 6," is what I've said true, false, or neither?