By Gurpreet S. Dhillon, Surinder Kaur
Agro-industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme creation: observe and take advantage of the rising and useful Use techniques of Waste Biomass explores the present state of the art bioprocesses in enzyme construction utilizing agro-industrial wastes with admire to their new release, present equipment of disposal, the issues confronted when it comes to waste and legislation, and power value-added protocols for those wastes. It surveys parts ripe for additional inquiry in addition to destiny tendencies within the box. below every one part, the person chapters current updated and in-depth details on bioprospecting of agro-industrial wastes to acquire enzymes of financial value.
This ebook covers learn gaps, together with valorization of fruit and vegetable by-product―a key contribution towards sustainability that makes the maximum use of agricultural produce whereas utilising low-energy and low in cost bioprocesses. Written via specialists within the box of enzyme know-how, the e-book offers priceless info for tutorial researchers, graduate scholars, and scientists operating in industrial-food microbiology, biotechnology, bioprocess know-how, post-harvest expertise, agriculture, waste administration, and the nutrients industry.
- Addresses key possibilities and demanding situations within the rising box of enzyme expertise, with an emphasis on strength and bio-based business applications
- Explores the present state-of-the-art bioprocesses in enzyme construction utilizing fruit and vegetable wastes with appreciate to their new release, present tools of disposal, and difficulties confronted by way of waste and regulation
- Presents in-depth info on bioprospecting of fruit and vegetable to acquire enzymes of financial importance
- Delves into environmental issues and financial issues with regards to fruit and vegetable processing by-products
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Additional info for Agro-Industrial Wastes as Feedstock for Enzyme Production. Apply and Exploit the Emerging and Valuable Use Options of Waste Biomass
The by-products obtained from grapes are seeds and pomace left after extraction of juice. Grape seeds are the major waste from the grape processing units. The lignin content of grape seeds is much higher (around 44%) than many of the other substrates and hence they can be utilized for the production of other ligninolytic enzymes, like LiP and MnP (Niladevi, 2009). Venkatesh et al. (2009) studied production of pectinases utilizing fruit wastes of cashew, banana, pineapple, and grape under controlled fermentation with A.
8 U mL−1), jackfruit rind (38 IU mL−1), carrot peel (36 IU mL−1), and beetroot peel (24 IU mL−1). Kiwifruit Kiwifruit (Actinidia chinensis Planch, Actinidiaceae) waste results from rejected kiwifruits, which comprise up to 30% of the total kiwifruit crop. In addition, kiwifruit pomace after juice production is also considered as a waste. 26 million tons (FAO, 2014). Part of this production is rejected because the kiwifruit does not have the right shape. , 1999b), inferring that very little work has so far been done in finding uses for kiwifruit pomace.
Many studies have reported production of a variety of enzymes using different microorganisms and different substrates. Enzymes with known industrial applications, such as cellulases, hemicellulases, amylases, pectinases, proteases, laccases, etc. have been produced either through SmF or SSF processes using FVPW. However, scale-up studies are important to establish their commercial potential. Studies are further needed to find a use for the waste left out after enzyme extraction especially from an SSF process.